Following are the different production techniques of Hand Made collection rugs from Carpet Edition.
Hand Knotting is an ancient and refined artisanal production method which has been handed down from generation to generation.
Before starting the knotting an artist draws and colors the motif in 1:1 scale on graph paper. The representation is very realistic and offers a clear idea as to what the finished product will look like. Each square represents a knot.
Once the design is confirmed, the process passes to the knotters, who, sitting in front of a vertical loom transform the design on paper into a real rug.
Experience is fundamental to do this work. Each artisan, in fact, has to produce tens of thousands of knots which must be uniform and precisely correspond to the design. The higher the number of knots, the more detailed and defined the design, and as a result the quality and value of the rug.
After the complex phase of knotting is complete, the next step is washing. Each rug is washed several times to remove excess fiber and make it shinier and softer. Finally the rug is placed in the sunlight to dry.
The time involved for this work, and as a result the production time, often depend on climate factors which in monsoon zones are often not favorable.
The production of every single rug which is knotted by hand, from the carding to the final phase, involves around twenty people, each with specialized skills.
Thanks to the ability of our artisans, and attentive quality control over the total process, Carpet Edition is able to guarantee clients high quality, destined to last over time.
LOOM WEAVING OR LOOM KNOTTING
This production method is realized with a frame that intertwines the weft and the warp.
The warp is the “supporting structure” of the rug. It is composed of a series of threads mounted directly on the loom during the preparatory phase. The warp defines the width of the rug.
The weft represents the design of the rug. It is realized with a single thread that is passed perpendicularly to the warp, creating the braid and pile.
Heddles are fundamental elements of the loom. They allow the threads of the warp to rise in order to facilitate the passage of the shuttle on which the threads of the weft are wrapped.
A traditional carpet produced with this technique allows for a reduction in processing times compared to manual knotting
The hand woven technique is where rugs are produced on looms by experienced weavers without the use of any energy source.
The loom can be vertical (Panja) or sunken and horizontal (Pitloom).
With this method the weft threads are intertwined with those o the warp using a shuttle and then fixed by a large comb that beats and compacts them until you get flat, no-pile carpets.
One of the oldest hand-weaving techniques is SUMAK WEAVING, in which the weft wraps the warp in a continuous way, in order to create its typical braided decoration.
Born as an excellent alternative to fine hand knotted rugs, hand tufted ones retain all the characteristics of a hand crafted product.
The production begins by placing the design of the rug on a vertical canvas. Tufts of yarn are inserted following the design and color map with a special “textile gun” eiter manually or electrically with compressed air.
At the end of this phase the carpet is removed from the frame, burned, washed, and finally finished with a cotton fabric glued on the back. The production process ends with the removal of excess fleece fibers and the subsequent finishing of the borders.
Hand tufting can be realized with various materials and offers unlimited possibilities of designs, shapes and colors.